In the United States, the vast majority of the states are applying offense-based registries, leaving the actual risk level of registered sex offeneders offender and severity of the offense uncertain. Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act.
Authorized police use ANCOR to monitor persons convicted of child sex offences and other specified offences once they have served their sentence. On 1 March 2011, there were 12,596 registered offenders across Australia. The public does not have access to the registry. Since 2001, the Province of Ontario operates its own sex offender registry concurrently with the federal registry. Unlike the federal registry which has an opt-out provision if an offender can convince a judge they are not a threat, the Ontario registry has no such provision. India is launching a sex offender registry in September 2018. The registry will be administered by the National Crime Records Bureau.
Under the 2001 Sexual Offenders Act, all those convicted of certain sexual offenses are obliged to notify the police within 7 days their name and address. The New Zealand government has plans to introduce a sex offenders register by the end of 2014. On 4 August 2014, the New Zealand Cabinet formally approved the establishment of a sex offenders register. 5 million over the next ten years for the technology component of the register and initial ICT work is underway as of 14 August 2014. The Sexual Offences Act Chapter 11:28 Part III provides for Notification Requirements for Sex Offenders.
This Sex Offenders Registry is only accessible to the Police Service and other branches of government. There are several gaps in this policy noted by members of the Caribbean Committee against Sex Crimes, most notably that the registry only deals with offenses committed within the Jurisdiction of Trinidad and Tobago. Sex offender registries in the United States consist of federal and state level systems designed to collect information of convicted sex offenders for law enforcement and public notification purposes. Information pertaining to names, addresses, physical description and vehicles are made public via official websites.
In addition, registrants are often subject to restrictions that bar loitering, working or living within exclusion zones that sometimes cover entire cities and have forced registrants into encampments, such as the Julia Tuttle Causeway sex offender colony. Depending on jurisdiction, offenses requiring registration range in their severity from public urination or children and teenagers experimenting with their peers, to violent predatory sexual offenses. In some states non-sexual offenses such as unlawful imprisonment may require sex offender registration. States apply differing sets of criteria dictating which offenders are made visible to public. Some states scientifically evaluate the future risk of the offender and hide low-risk offenders from public.